British people are in principle still entitled to unemployment benefit in Germany if their residence status includes access to the labour market and they also meet the other conditions of entitlement laid down in Social Code Book III (SGB III).
If you have a residency right according to the withdrawal agreement, your residency status always contains labor market access. You should prove your residency right by means of the residence document according to the withdrawal agreement. If you have not already done so, please register promptly with the Immigration Office ("Ausländerbehörde") and apply for the residence document.
If you have been living and working permanently in Germany since 31 December 2020 at the latest, your residence rights are protected by the withdrawal agreement. You then have a right of residence in Germany with unrestricted access to the German labour market. If you have not already done so, you should register with the Immigration Office ("Ausländerbehörde") and apply for a residence title as soon as possible to prove your residence status.
Further information on the right of residence and the procedure at the Ausländerbehörde can be found on the website of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Homeland Affairs (BMI).
General information on unemployment benefit is available on the website of the Federal Employment Agency under ''Unemployed and finding work''.
Please note that if you are threatened with unemployment, you must register as unemployed at an early stage in order to avoid disadvantages (blocking period due to late job-search registration) regarding your entitlement to unemployment benefit.
In order to receive unemployment benefit, you must be available to the placement services of your local employment agency ("Agentur für Arbeit"), among others.
Please note that in order to be entitled to unemployment benefits, you must generally prove that you have a residence right according to the withdrawal agreement. For this purpose, you should submit the residence document according to the withdrawal agreement or, alternatively, a so-called fiction ("Fiktionsbescheinigung") or provisional certificate ("Vorläufige Bescheinigung") to your local employment agency (Agentur für Arbeit). If the residence document or the fictitious certificate cannot be issued in a timely manner, we recommend that you explicitly inform your Immigration Office ("Ausländerbehörde") that the Agentur für Arbeit urgently requires a certificate stating that gainful employment is permitted in order to check your entitlement to unemployment benefits. According to the application instructions of the BMI, the Ausländerbehörde should already issue you with a corresponding confirmation before handing over the residence document if your residence rights are already ascertained without further ado..
British people are not entitled to unemployment benefit in Germany if their residence status does not allow them to access the labour market. See also FAQ: Can I receive unemployment benefit in Germany?