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Training Market Balance 2016/2017

Stable overall situation with increasing imbalances
02 Nov 2017 | Press Release No. 24

"The situation on the training market was stable in the consulting year 2016/17. However, regional, occupational and skill imbalances have increased, and some of the compensation has been made more difficult. Therefore, both the number of vacant training places and the number of unemployed applicants is slightly higher than last year. If applicants also consider alternatives beyond their dream job and companies are open to not quite as good candidates, I am optimistic that in the post-employment still training conditions are achieved, "said Raimund Becker, board member of the Federal Employment Agency (BA), at the presentation of the balance of the career guidance year 2016/2017 together.

From October 2016 to September 2017, a total of 549,800 vocational training units were reported to the employment agencies and job centres in joint facilities, similar to the same period of the previous year (+2,800). The overwhelming majority are company training places; they register a slight increase from 4,100 to 521,900.

The data previously available on the part of the chambers for the newly concluded training contracts in 2017 also support a stable development. According to the information provided by the German Chamber of Industry and Commerce, the Chamber of Crafts and the Chambers of the liberal professions, a total of 480,000 training contracts were concluded by 30 September 2017. That was around 5,300 more than a year ago.

Since the beginning of the consultancy year on October 1, 2016, a total of 547,800 applicants have used the training agencies of the agencies and the job centre to find a training position. Those were despite declining numbers of school leavers practically as many as in the previous year. For several years, the number of applicants with higher education entrance qualification has risen: a little more than one in four had access to higher education in 2016/17. In addition, the immigration of refugee young people means that the number of applicants remains stable. From October 2016 to September 2017, 26,400 applicants were registered who had fled to Germany and were now seeking vocational training. That was 16,200 more than in the previous year.

In purely mathematical terms, supply and demand on the training market were almost balanced. Thus, nationwide, there were 100 registered apprenticeship positions for 105 registered applicants. However, the considerable regional, occupational and qualification imbalances that have already occurred in previous years have intensified even further.
From a regional point of view, significantly more apprenticeships than applicants were registered in southern Germany, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Thuringia and Saarland. In contrast, company training places were missing, especially in Berlin, North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse.

In some professions, the chance of getting a job is much higher than in others. Thus, applicants were missing especially for hotel and restaurant occupations as well as for many craft professions, for example in the food trade and the food sales (butchery and bakery), in the orthopaedic and rehabilitation technology or construction and extension occupations. In contrast, there were far fewer apprenticeships than applicants in, for example, office and administrative jobs, automotive engineering, computer science or (dental) medical assistance.

As a result of these imbalances, a total of 48,900 apprenticeships were vacant on 30 September 2017. Compared to the previous year, that was 5,500 more. Particularly difficult to fill were apprenticeships in some craft trades and the hotel and catering industry.

At the same time, 23,700 applicants were still unavailable, significantly more than a year ago (+3,200). Thus, a good 4 percent of the registered applicants remained without a training place or alternative offer.

As in the previous year, about every second registered candidate entered vocational training (48 percent). 17 Percentage of applicants have opted for another (vocational) school visit, an internship or a study and 3 Percentage for a subsidised qualification, such as a pre-vocational training or introductory qualification. more 7 Percent have taken up work, 2 percent are involved in non-profit, social services and 4 percent reported to be unemployed. 13 percent of applicants have no information.

In addition to the unsuccessful applicants, there are 56,500 applicants who, although they have entered into an alternative as of 30 September, maintain their wish to join a dual training program. Their number is 3,500 lower than in the previous year.

The placement activities will be continued for these applicants as well as the still unsuccessful applicants. Also, there are still young people who (again) are looking for an apprenticeship for different reasons. Companies also report apprenticeships that have (re-) become vacant.