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The job market in November 2017

Continuing upswing
30 Nov 2017 | Press Release No. 27

"The very good development in the labour market continues. Unemployment and underemployment are declining, the employment subject to social security contributions and the demand for new employees continues to rise sharply at a high level, "said Federal Employment Agency (BA) member Valerie Holsboer today at the monthly press conference in Nuremberg.

Unemployment rate in November:

-20,000 to 2,368,000

Number of unemployed compared to the previous year:

-164000

Unemployment rate compared to the previous month:

-0.1 percentage points on 5.3 percent

Unemployment, underemployment and inactivity

The number of unemployed people fell by 20,000 from October to November to 2,368,000. The decline was stronger than usual. As a result, unemployment has also declined by around 18,000 compared to the previous month. Compared to the previous year, 164,000 fewer people were registered as unemployed.

Underemployment, which also includes people on exonerating labour market policies and short-term incapacity for work, fell by 21,000 in seasonally adjusted terms compared with the previous month. Total underemployment in November 2017 was 3,359,000. That was 149,000 less than a year ago. Thus, it fell less sharply than the unemployment in the previous year. This is because more people - especially refugees - were supported than in the previous year.

The unemployment rate determined by the Federal Statistical Office according to the ILO acquisition concept amounted to 1.60 million in October and the unemployment rate to 3.7 percent.

Gainful employment and employment subject to social security insurance

Gainful employment and employment subject to social security insurance continued to grow strongly, compared to the previous year. According to the Federal Statistical Office, in the month of October, the seasonally adjusted number of gainfully employed persons (using the domestic concept) rose by 41,000, compared to the previous month. With 44.74 million people, it was 650,000 higher than in the previous year. The increase is mainly due to more jobs subject to social security insurance. This has increased seasonally adjusted by 35,000 according to the extrapolation of the BA from August to September. In total, 32.74 million people were employed by social insurance in September according to extrapolated data. This number was 727,000 more than the previous year.

Labour Demand

Demand for labour continues to grow at a consistently high level. In November, 772,000 jobs were registered with the BA, 91,000 more than a year ago. On a seasonal basis, demand rose by 8,000 compared to the previous month. The job index of BA (BA-X) - an indicator of the demand for labour in Germany - rose in November 2017 by 3 points to a new high of 249 points. The previous year's value is exceeded by 27 points.

Cash Payments

A total of 665,000 persons received in the November 2017 unemployment benefits, 48,000 less than a year ago. The number of employable persons eligible for unemployment benefit within the framework of the Basic Insurance for Employment Seekers (SGB II) was 4,278,000 in the month of November. Compared to November 2016, this was a decrease of 31,000 people. 7.9 percent of the working-age population in Germany was therefore in need of help.