This website uses cookies and the Web Analysis tool Piwik. This helps us to provide you with a good user experience and to improve our website. If you surf through our sites, you hereby agree. Here you will learn more about the use of your data and possibilities for contradiction.

The labour market in April 2018

Spring recovery lowers unemployment and underemployment
27 Apr 2018 | Press Release No. 14

“'The spring recovery in the labour market continues in April. However, the development was somewhat weaker than in the extremely good winter months”, said the CEO of the Federal Employment Agency (BA), Detlef Scheele, today, at the monthly press conference in Nuremberg.

Unemployment numbers in April:
- 74,000 down to 2,384.000

The number of unemployed compared to the previous year:
- 185,000

Unemployment rate compared to the previous month:
- 0.2 percentage points down to 5.3 percent

Unemployment, Underemployment and Inactivity

With the continued spring recovery, the number of unemployed decreased by 74,000 from March to April, and is down to 2,384,000. Adjusted for the seasonal influences, a decrease of 7,000 is calculated for April, compared to the previous month. Compared to the previous year, 185,000 fewer people were registered as unemployed.

Underemployment, which also includes people in various programs under labour market relieving policies and those with short-term incapacity for work, fell by 17,000 in seasonally adjusted terms, compared with the previous month. Overall, underemployment affected 3,354,000 persons, in April 2018. That was 235,000 less than a year ago.

The unemployment, determined by the ILO employment concept of the Federal Statistical Office, amounted to 1.50 million in March, and the unemployment rate was 3.5 percent.

Gainful employment and employment subject to social security insurance

Employment and employment subject to social security insurance continued to increase. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the number of employed persons (according to the domestic concept) rose by a seasonally adjusted 32,000 in March, compared with the previous month. At 44.46 million persons, it was 598,000 higher than in the previous year. The increase is mainly due to more jobs subject to social security insurance. According to the extrapolation of the BA, from January to February seasonally adjusted this means an increase by 53,000. Altogether, 32.55 million people were employed on a social insurance basis in February, according to extrapolated data. This number was 773,000 higher than in the previous year.

Labour Demand

Demand for new employees continues to be very high. In April, 784,000 jobs were registered with the BA, 78,000 more than a year ago. On a seasonal basis, demand rose by 2,000 compared to the previous month. PThe job index of the BA (BA-X) - an indicator of the demand for labour in Germany – remains at the same level as in March, with 251 points. The previous year's value is exceeded by 19 points.

Cash Benefit Payments

In April 2018, a total of 692,000 persons received unemployment benefit payments, 55,000 less than a year ago. The number of persons eligible to work in the framework of the Basic Benefits for Jobseekers Act (SGB II) stood at 4,241,000 in April. Compared to April 2017, this was a decrease of 184,000 persons. This means, 7.8 percent of working age persons living in Germany were in need of help.

Apprentice Training Market

From October 2017 to April 2018, 429,000 applicants registered for an apprenticeship at an unemployment office or a job centre, 15,000 fewer than in the previous year. From these, in April, 228,000 were still without placement. At the same time, 475,000 training positions were registered. That was 13,000 more than a year ago. In April, 282,000 were still open. Apprenticeship was most frequently offered to aspiring businessmen/businesswomen (30,500), sellers (19,800) and office management positions (19,200). As in previous years, in 2017/18 there are regional, occupational and qualifying disparities, also, which make the balancing of supply and demand considerably more difficult.