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Training market balance 2017/2018

Better opportunities for training seekers than in the previous year
30 Oct 2018 | Press Release No. 29

"For the first time since 1994, the number of registered training places was higher than the number of registered applicants. However, regional, occupational and skills imbalances have continued to increase. As a result, significantly more training places remained vacant than in the previous year. At the same time, the number of unplaced applicants has also increased slightly," said Detlef Scheele, Chairman of the Executive Board of the Federal Employment Agency (BA), when presenting the results of the vocational guidance year 2017/2018 and appealed: "If applicants are also considering alternatives beyond their dream occupation and companies are open to not quite as good candidates, I am optimistic that there will still be apprenticeships in the post placement period.

From October 2017 to September 2018, a total of 565,300 vocational training places were reported to the employment agencies and the job centres in joint facilities, significantly more than in the same period last year (+20,400). The overwhelming majority are company training places; they recorded a plus of 19,100 to 546,600.

The data available to date from the chambers on the new training contracts concluded in 2018 also point to a positive development. According to information from the Association of German Chambers of Industry and Commerce, the Association of Chambers of Skilled Crafts and Small Businesses and the Chambers of Liberal Professions, a total of 489,000 new training contracts had been concluded as at 30 September 2018. That was about 8,500 more than a year ago.

Since the beginning of the consultancy year on 1 October 2017, a total of 535,600 applicants have made use of the training placement services of the agencies and the job centres in their search for a training place. Due to the declining number of school leavers, this number has fallen by 12,200 compared to the previous year. The immigration of young refugees is somewhat counteracting this trend. From October 2017 to September 2018, 38,300 applicants were registered who had fled to Germany and were now seeking vocational training. This was 11,900 more than in the previous year.

For the first time since 1994, there were more reported training places than reported applicants. This also applies to in- company training places. For every 100 in-company training places registered nationwide, 98 applicants were registered. However, the considerable regional, occupational and qualification imbalances that already existed in previous years have become even more pronounced.
In regional terms, significantly more training places than applicants were registered in southern Germany, Thuringia, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saarland and Hamburg. In contrast, company training places were missing, especially in Berlin, North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse.

In some occupations, the chance of finding a training place is significantly higher than in others. Applicants were particularly lacking for the hotel and restaurant trades as well as for many craft trades, for example in the food trade and in the food sale (butchery and bakery), in construction and construction-related professions, in metal trades and occupations in energy technology. In contrast, there were far fewer training places than applicants, for example, in the carpentry trade, information technology, automotive engineering, office and administrative occupations or in (dental) medical assistance.

As a result of these imbalances, a total of 57,700 training places were still unfilled as of 30 September 2018. This was 8,700 more than in the previous year. The main vacancies were training places in some skilled trades and in hotel and restaurant occupations.

At the same time, 24,500 applicants were still unavailable, 800 more than a year ago. This means that 5 per cent of the registered applicants had no training place or alternative offer.

As in the previous year, every second registered applicant ended up in vocational training (49 per cent). 16 Percentage of applicants who opted for further (vocational) school attendance, an internship or a course of study and 3 Percentage of applicants who opted for a subsidised qualification such as a pre-vocational training measure or an entry qualification. Another 7 percent have taken up employment, 2 percent are involved in non-profit social services and 4 percent have registered as unemployed. 13 percent of applicants have no information.

In addition to the unplaced applicants, there are 54,100 applicants who have ended up in an alternative on 30 September, but who still wish to be placed in a dual training programme. Their number is 2,400 lower than in the previous year.

The placement activities will be continued for these applicants as well as for those who have not yet been supplied. In addition, there are still young people who (again) are looking for an apprenticeship for different reasons. Companies also report training places that have (again) become vacant.

Further statistical information can be found on the Internet at statistik.arbeitsagentur.de > Training place market