National insurance and health insurance
There is national insurance in Germany. It is prescribed by law and is intended to protect workers from the consequences of illness and unemployment, among other things. If you have a permanent job in Germany, you have to pay part of your salary into the social security system.
Exemption from social security
If you are employed or self-employed in your home country, the social insurance there will also cover you in Germany. In this case, you may be exempt from national insurance payments in Germany.
As a citizen of an EU member state, you prove that you are exempt from social security with an A1 certificate. You can apply for an A1 certificate in your country of origin at the competent authority. You then submit this certificate to your employer in Germany.
Do you come from a third country or do you not have an A1 certificate? Fill in the questionnaire to determine compulsory insurance / exemption from insurance form. This form is available in the Download centre in German/English, German/Georgian and German/Romanian. You then give the completed questionnaire to your employer in Germany.
If you are employed in Germany without social insurance and do not have health insurance abroad, your employer can take out private health insurance for you. The contributions for private health insurance must not be deducted from your salary.